During the Middle Ages, pepper was the most important commodity traded between India and Europe. Rents and taxes were frequently paid with pepper...
Black Pepper is a warming and reviving oil with a fresh, dry-woody, warm spicy scent.
Nature: warming, reviving
Improves the benefits of other oils that are used together with black pepper.
Ideal in a bath or skin oil to loosen tight muscles and increase circulation.
Principal Actions: Stimulates the nervous system, aphrodisiac, stimulates the circulation, eases cold and flu symptoms.
Methods of Use: skin oil/lotion, massage, mist spray
Circulation, Muscles & Joints
The warming properties of Black Pepper stimulate circulation, loosen tight muscles and dispel chills. Black pepper is used to improve poor muscle tone (muscular atonia). Use black pepper to relieve pain from general body aches, sprains, arthritis, rheumatism and chilblains.
To reinforce its stimulating effect on the circulation, combine with rosemary and coriander. Mix 2 drops black pepper, 4 drops coriander, 2 drops rosemary in 20ml/4tsp carrier oil and apply to affected areas.
To support its warming, decongestant properties combine with ginger: Mix 2 drops black pepper and 1 drop ginger in 20ml/4tsp carrier oil and massage into chest and back as needed.
Black pepper can be used in small amounts for stomach complaints; it is an aid for colic, constipation, diarrhoea, flatulence, heartburn, loss of appetite, and nausea.
Sluggish Digestion: Mix 1 drop black pepper, 2 drops basil, 1 drop ginger in 20ml/4tsp carrier oil and rub into abdomen using circular clockwise strokes. Alternate oils that could be used: coriander or rosemary.
Sluggish Liver: Mix 1 drop black pepper, 2 drops basil and 2 drops Helichrysum angustifolium (everlasting) in 20ml/4tsp carrier oil and rub into abdomen using circular, clockwise strokes.
Sluggish Pancreas: Mix 1 drop black pepper, 2 drops juniper berry, 2 drops geranium in 20ml/4tsp carrier oil and rub into abdomen using circular, clockwise strokes.
Stimulate Digestion and Ease Constipation: Mix 2 drops black pepper, 2 drops nutmeg, 4 drops ginger in 20ml/4tsp carrier oil and rub into abdomen using circular, clockwise strokes.
Black pepper has strong antibacterial properties that makes it effective for the treatment of colds, influenza, infections and viruses.
For a strong, stimulating antibacterial blend: Mix 2 drops black pepper, 2 drops cajeput, 2 drops clove bud, 2 drops ginger in a diffusor and use in general living areas to improve the air quality.
Black pepper is reviving and stimulating; it improves mental clarity.
To enhance its mentally stimulating effect: Mix 1 drop black pepper, 2 drops grapefruit and 3 drops bergamot in a diffusor.
Black Pepper in Aromatherapy
Botanical Name: Piper nigrum
Parts Used: crushed peppercorns
Source: steam distillation from the dried and crushed black peppercorns of the tropical climbing vine native to India.
Description and Odor Effect: a water-white to pale olive liquid with a fresh, dry-woody, warm spicy scent. The odor effect is stimulating and warming; a reputed aphrodisiac.
Blends well with: frankincense, lavender, rosemary, marjoram, sandalwood, spices and florals
Applications: application, massage, mist spray
Therapeutic Properties: analgesic, antibacterial, anitcholeric, anticonvulsive, antidote, antiemetic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antitoxic, antitussive, aperitive, aphrodisiac, cardiac, carminative, detoxifier, diaphoretic, digestive, diuretic, drying, expectorant, febrifuge, heating, insect repellent, insecticide, laxative, rubefacient, sedative, stimulant (circulation; kidneys), stomachic, tonic, tonifying (muscles), vasodilator
Safety Data: Non-toxic. This oil can be mildly irritant or sensitizing; avoid in baths or massage if you have sensitive or allergy-prone skin. Use in small amounts. Keep out of reach of children. If pregnant, nursing, taking medication, or have a medical condition, consult a healthcare practitioner prior to use.
|Piper Nigrum Fruct. [black pepper] Piperaceae |
|monoterpenes||α-pinene 2–9%, β-pinene 5–14%, α-thujene 0.5–3.5%, sabinene 9–19%, α-terpinene 0.4–2.8%, δ-3-carene 1–15%, β-myrcene 1.6–2.5%, (–)-limonene 17%, α-phellandrene 5–9%, δ-elemene 2.6%, γ-terpinene 0.5–3.9%, α-terpinolene 0.5–1.5%, camphene|
|sesquiterpenes||β-caryophyllene 9–29%, α-caryophyllene 1–2%, α-guaiene, α- and β-cubebene 0.2–1.6%, α- and β-selinene 0.5–7.7%, α- and β-elemene 0.3–2.4%, β-bisabolene 2–5%, calamenene, α-copaene 0.5–1.5%, β-farnesene 1–3%, zingiberene trace, bergamotene 0.5%|
|aromatic||p-cymene 1–2.8%, ar-curcumene 0.5%|
|monoterpenols||terpinen-4-ol <1%, α-terpineol 0.1%, linalool <1%, trans-pinocarveol, trans-carveol|
|sesquiterpenols||α-bisabolol 0.1%, elemol 0.5%|
|Methyl ethers||p-cymene methyl ether, carvacrol methyl ether trace|
|Benzodioxoles||myristicin trace, safrole trace|
|Ketones (1–8%)||monoterpenones dihydrocarvone 0.05%, piperitone <1%|
|Oxides||sesquiterpenyl caryophyllene oxide 0.6%|
Black Pepper – Quick Reference
Circulation, Muscles & Joints: anemia, arthritis, muscular aches and pains, neuralgia, poor circulation, poor muscle tone (muscular atonia), rheumatic pain, sprains, stiffness
Respiratory: catarrh, chronic bronchitis
Digestive: colic, constipation, diarrhea, flatulence, heartburn, loss of appetite, nausea
Immune: colds, fevers, influenza, infections and viruses
Nervous: sexual tonic, frigidity
Did you know .... Black pepper was highly valued by many of the immigrants that settled in the United States from Europe. At the onset of a cold or flu, a tea was made from a small amount of the powdered spice. Pepper was added as a food seasoning at practically every meal. Pepper has the ability to control bacterial organisms in the human body and in food. This was extremely important before the introduction of refrigeration.
Black Pepper Harmony
Add these essential oils to 20 ml / 4 teaspoons carrier oil
To ease muscle pain:
- 2 drops Black Pepper
- 2 drops West Indian Bay
- 6 drops Spike Lavender
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