The Romans greatly favored the rose and introduced its use to all the people they conquered...

Rosa damascena

Note: Base

Parts Used: fresh petals

Source: 1. Essential oil or otto by water or steam distillation from the fresh petals of the damask rose. 2. A concrete and absolute by solvent extraction from the fresh petals.

Description and Odor Effect: 1. A pale yellow or olive yellow liquid with a very rich, deep, sweet-floral slightly spicy scent. 2. The absolute is a reddish-orange or olive viscous liquid with a rich, sweet, spicy-floral, tenacious odor. The fragrance of the oil is sweet and mellow with a hint of vanilla and clove, becoming mellower as the oil ages. The odor effect is intoxicating, antidepressant and warming; a reputed aphrodisiac.

Nature: uplifting, purifying, warming, balancing

Blends well with: jasmine, orange blossom, geranium, bergamot, lavender, clary sage, sandalwood, patchouli, benzoin, chamomile, clove, palmarosa

Physical Uses: Rose oil is effective in the treatment of broken capillaries, conjunctivitis (rose water), dry skin, eczema, herpes, mature and sensitive complexions and wrinkles. It is a circulatory stimulant, which is helpful for palpitations and poor circulation. The calming properties of rose have been employed for use in treating asthma, coughs and hay fever. Rose oil has been used for cholecystitis (inflammation of the gallbladder), liver congestion and nausea. Rose oil is a powerful female-balancing oil which is helpful for irregular menstruation, leucorrhoea (inflammation or irritation of the membrane lining the genital organs of the female), menorrhagia (excessive menstrual discharge.) and uterine disorders.

Mental and Emotional Uses: Rose is a cool and relaxing oil, which can ease depression, insomnia, frigidity, headache, nervous tension and stress-related conditions.

Caution: Avoid during pregnancy.

In order to make the oil liquid, place the bottle in a cup of hand-warm water for about 30 seconds before use. Never use very hot water as this will have a detrimental effect on the oil.

Therapeutic Properties: antibacterial, antidepressant, anti-inflammatory, antiphlogistic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antistress, antiviral, aperient, aphrodisiac, astringent (mild), calmative, carminative, cephalic, cholagogue, choleretic, cicatrizant, cytophylactic, depurative, digestive, diuretic, emmenagogue, emollient, hemostatic, hepatic, laxative, nervine, nutritive, pectoral, regenerator (skin cells), sedative, stimulant (circulatory system), stomachic, tonic (nerves), tonifying, uplifting

Applications: application, aroma lamp, bath, fragrancing, inhaler, lightbulb ring, massage, mist spray

Keyword: Sensual

Rose Otto is a concentrated attar that requires a minute amount for perfuming and healing effects.

Rose Absolute is the most exquisite, gentle and useful of essential oils. It uplifts emotions, and enhances reproduction and sensuality.

Rose Otto Harmony

Add these essential oils to 20 ml / 4 teaspoons carrier oil

To restore dry or mature skin:

  • 2 drops Rose Otto
  • 4 drops Neroli
  • 4 drops Frankincense is free to access and use.
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Home Essentials

  • One drop of lemon essential oil on a soft cloth will polish copper with gentle buffing.
  • When washing out the fridge, freezer or oven, add 1 drop of bergamont, grapefruit, lemon, lime, orange or mandarin essential oil to the final rinse water.
  • Essential oils of Atlas cedarwood, cypress, frankincense, myrrh and vetiver all make wonderful firewood oils. Drop approximately 2-3 drops of oil or blend of your choice on a dried log and allow time for the oil to soak in before putting the log on the fire.
  • Flies and moths dislike lavender oil. Sprinkle it on the outside of your window frames.


Body Essentials

  • Overindulge last night? Essential oils of carrot seed, cedarwood, fennel, grapefruit, juniper berry, lavender and lemon help soften the effects of a hangover. Make your own blend from these oils and use a total of 6-8 drops in a bath.
  • 6 – 8 drops of eucalyptus oil in the bath cools the body in summer and protects it in winter.
  • Add 1 drop geranium oil to your facial moisturizer to bring out a radiant glow in your skin.
  • Place 1 or 2 drops of rosemary on your hair brush before brushing to promote growth and thickness.


Creating a Balanced Blend

For a balanced massage blend, combine the essential oil drops in these proportions of essential oil "notes":

  • 3 drops Base Note
  • 7 drops Middle Note
  • 5 drops Top Note

For a total of 15 drops of essential oils per 30ml (1 oz) of carrier oil.

Top notes are the first impression of the blend; short-lived, yet brilliant. Top notes are sharp, penetrating, first to evaporate, extreme, and either hot or cold. Top notes provide the "ahhhh" in a blend.

Middle notes give body to blends - the developing phase with breadth and variety. Middle notes are warm, round, soft and mellow. Middle notes often provide the bulk, 50% to 80%, of the blend.

Base Notes are the final, lasting message of the blend; they deepen your blend and draw it into the skin, giving it roots and permanence. Base notes are deep, intense, rich and sensual. Base notes should be used sparingly, about 5%, so as not to overpower the blend.

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