The essence of a plant acts as a natural defense mechanism; it protects the plant from bacteria, fungi, pests, heat and cold. In fact, the essence of a plant actively participates in the plant's development. There are no two plants that smell exactly alike and the properties of each are unique, which is why the essential oils derived from these plants offer so many benefits.
At one time the oil was extracted from the green unripe oranges when they were still the size of a cherry - hence the name petitgrains, or "little grains"...
Note: Middle - 20
Parts Used: leaves and twigs of tree
Source: steam distillation of the leaves and twigs of the bitter orange tree native to southern China and north-east India. Most of the oil is produced in France. Some essential oil sources are extracted from the leaves of Orange trees in South America.
Turpentine, the largest produced oil in the United States, is extracted from lumber byproducts of the pine tree...
Note: Middle / Base - 60/61
Parts Used: pine needles from evergreen tree
Source: dry distillation of the needles of the evergreen tree native to Scotland and Norway. Most of the oil is produced in the eastern USA from cultivated trees. Some essential oils are extracted from the wood grown in Austria.
The fragrance symbolizes the love and beauty that was offered to the kings and gods. Cleopatra strewed red rose petals to a height of 18 inches when she first met Mark Anthony...
Parts Used: fresh flower petals
Source: 1. Essential oil or otto by water or steam distillation from the fresh petals. (rose water is produced as a by-product of this process) 2. Concrete and absolute by solvent extraction from the fresh petals (rose leaf absolute is also produced in small quantities in France) Most of the oil is produced in Morocco and France from hybrid roses.