Valerian: is one of the best herbal sedatives, gently calming anxiety and easing muscular tension, and acting on the body, mind, and spirit...
Common Names: Valerian, All-Heal, Cat's Valerian, Garden Heliotrope
Botanical Name: Valeriana officinalis
Plant Type: Perennial Herb
Parts Used: Root, rhizome (underground stem)
Flowering: June to August
Valerian is native to Europe and Asia, but is naturalized in North America. In the wild, it grows in grasslands, damp meadows, and along streams. It is also cultivated in several European countries, Japan, and the United States.
Description: Growing to four feet, valerian is a clump-forming perennial herb with a yellow-brown rhizome, hollow stems, deeply divided leaves, and small white or pinkish flowers that form flat-topped clusters.
Cultivation: Valerian grows in rich moist humous with a wide range of pH. It is a perennial, hardy to zone 4, and will grow in full sun to part shade. It can be propagated from seed, or by division of the roots. Valerian self-sews and spreads by root runners.
Harvesting: For the herbal medicine market, the rhizomes and roots of second-year plants are used. They are harvested in autumn after the leaves have died back. Dried roots are prepared as teas or tinctures, and extracts are made into capsules and tablets.
Love. Sleep. Purification. Protection.
Use valerian in protective sachets.
Place it under your pillow to help you fall asleep.
Hang in the home to guard it against lightning strikes.
Powdered valerian root is considered a valid substitute for "graveyard dust."
Herbal Healing with Valerian
Medicinal Actions: Analgesic, antibacterial, anticonvulsive, antidepressant, antidiuretic, antipyretic, antispasmodic, carminative, diuretic, febrifuge, hepatic, hypotensor, nervine, sedative (strong), stomachic, tonic (strong) (nerves), tranquilizer, vermifuge
Medicinal Uses: Valerian has an instant effect, making it useful for people who suffer from panic attacks or who are about to face an ordeal of some sort. Valerian is a tranquilizer useful in treating anxiety, insomnia, and nervous tension. Try valerian with passionflower (Passiflora) or wild lettuce (Lactuca) to help calm your nerves without making you sleepy. Conversly,valerian will help you deal with insomnia if nervous tension is preventing you from sleeping or is waking you during the night. Combine it with hops (Humulus), limeflower (Tilia), or California poppy (Eschscholzia), and keep some by your bed to take as soon as you wake up. Valerian has fewer side effects than Valium and does not react synergistically with alcohol.
Valerian also has a strengthening effect on the heart and may lower blood pressure. It's also an antispasmodoc and can help alleviate stomach or menstrual cramps and irritable bowels. Valerian can be used topically for wounds, ulcers, and eczema. Tincture of valerian helps clear dandruff.
Cautions: Valerian may cause headaches, muscular spasms, and palpitations. Don't take valerian for more than six weeks at a time before breaking for a week, then resuming if necessary.
Body Care with Valerian
- To reduce high blood pressure, take 1/2 - 1 teaspoon valerian tonic wine up to three times daily, as needed.
- To soothe anxiety-related pre-menstrual syndrome, take up to 3 size 00 capsules filled with powdered valerian root, three times daily, as required.
- To draw out a splinter, apply a compress soaked in double-strength valerian infusion twice daily.
Infusion: Crush 1 teaspoon fresh valerian root and soak it for 12 - 24 hours in 1 cup cool water; strain, then drink. For double strength, use 2 teaspoons fresh root in 1 cup cool water.
Tonic wine: Wash 50 g ( 1 3/4 oz) fresh valerian root, then sun-dry for 2 hours. Crush and add to 1 cup acidic white wine. Steep for 1 month.
Source: The Essential Herbs Handbook by Lesley Bremness
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