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While many herbs are used for their flavour and medicinal properties, like drugs, any plant with the potential for healing when used appropriately also has the potential for harm when used irresponsibly. Although the most popular medicinal herbs are reasonably safe for most people, most of the time, and when taken in their recommended amounts, many medicinal herbs contain pharmacologically active compounds that have drug effects on the body. All drugs have the potential to cause allergic reactions, side effects, and interactions with other herbs and drugs. Anyone who uses herbs should do so cautiously, responsibly and be well informed on the herb they choose.


Myrrh: strong anti-microbial action used for the treatment of infections, particularly as mouthwash ...

Common Names: Myrrh

Botanical Name: Commiphora myrrha

Family: Burseraceae

Plant Type: Desert tree

Parts Used: Resin

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Nasturtium: is said to help to clear skin problems like acne, and also to ease depression ...

Common Names: Nasturtium, Indian Cress, Monks Cress

Botanical Name: Tropaelum majus

Family: Tropaeolaceae

Plant Type: Herbaceous annual vine

Parts Used: Aerial parts

Flowering: May to September

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Nettle: taken therapeutically, nettle's energizing leaves stimulate the bladder and kidneys to ensure rapid removal of accumulated toxins ...

Common Names: Nettle, Stinging Nettle

Botanical Name: Urtica dioica

Family: Urticaceae

Plant Type: Hardy perennial

Parts Used: Flowers, leaves, stems, roots, fruit, seeds

Flowering: June

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Nutmeg: flavors food, makes it more digestible, and helps to sterilize food by killing or deterring potentially harmful microorganisms ...

Common Names: Nutmeg

Botanical Name: Myristca fragrans

Family: Myristicaceae

Plant Type: Evergreen tree

Parts Used: Seeds

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Wild Oats: rich in vitamin E, minerals and protein, wild oats are a food tonic for the heart, nerves and thymus gland ...

Common Names: Oats, Groats, Avoine (French), Hafer (German), Avena (Italian and Spanish)

Botanical Name: Avena sativa

Botanical: Graminaceae

Plant Type: Annual

Parts Used: Seeds and stems

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Onion: a syrup made by steeping a chopped onion in honey is a good cough and cold medicine for children ...

Common Names: Onion

Botanical Name: Allium cepa

Family: Alliaceae

Plant Type: Annual

Parts Used: Bulb, leaves

Flowering: April to June

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Oregano: Polish research indicates that oregano has the strongest immune-boosting power of 70 tested herbs, including goldenseal ...

Common Names: Oregano, Joy of the Mountain

Botanical Name: Origanum vulgare

Family: Labiate

Plant Type: Hardy perennial

Parts Used: Leaves, flowers, essential oil

Flowering: June to August

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Oregon-Grape: the berry contains berberine, like goldenseal. This makes it a good substitute for the endangered goldenseal...

Common Names: Oregon Grape, Mountain Grape, Mahonia, California Barberry

Botanical Name: Berberis acquifolium, Mahonia acquifolium

Family: Berberidaceae

Plant Type: Deciduous shrub

Parts Used: Rhizome and root

Flowering: June

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Parsley: is a strong and friendly herb whose virtues go much farther than simply adding flavor to food ...

Common Names: Parsley, Persil, Devil's Oatmeal, Perceley

Botanical Name: Petroselinum crispum

Family: Apiaceae (formerly Umbelliferae)

Plant Type: Hardy biennial

Parts Used: Leaves, roots, and seeds

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Passionflower: the leaves and stems provide a non-drowsy sedative for insomnia and anxiety, and can prevent a rapid heartbeat, reduce high blood pressure and relieve muscle tension...

Common Names: Passionflower, Passionvine, Maypop

Botanical Name: Passiflora incarnata

Family: Passifloraceae

Plant Type: Climbing vine

Parts Used: Flowers, fruit, leaves, stems

Flowering: May and July

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Pepper: one of the world's oldest traded spices, black pepper has a sharp, invigorating taste and a scent that promotes mental clarity ...

Common Names: Pepper

Botanical Name: Piper nigrum

Family: Piperaceae

Plant Type: Flowering vine

Parts Used: Dried peppercorns

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Peppermint: a native of Europe, the medicinal variety is a hybrid - a naturally occurring combination of watermint and spearmint...

Common Names: Peppermint

Botanical Name: Mentha piperita

Family: Labiatae

Plant Type: Hardy creeping perennial

Parts Used: Leaves and flowers

Flowering: July to September

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